LESSON 1:-SOURCES OF HISTORY:HISTORY TOPIC
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Early in the morning, you receive a newspaper which makes you aware of the daily events and incidents. After some time these events become the past. We recall the date and time, when the same type of incident happens. Photographs and detailed information given of the past events in the newspaper help us to know our history. In the above painting you can see a stamp, an idol, a seal, utensils, vessels and various other tools. We come to know history through such sources. It is necessary to have knowledge of the past and to know and understand the present situation. We know history of thousands of years from old or ancient buildings, forts, temples, step wells, and other sites. Let us understand this with the help of an activity.
When collecting articles, photographs and pictures of paintings, we gather historical information. You might even know some people who have a collection of old paintings, photographs, coins, stamps and written information. This treasure of information was passed on to us by earlier generations (In December 2000, most of the newspapers had published various articles with photographs on the incidents and events of the 20th century, which became famous as the ‘Millennium Gallery’).
You are aware of the incidents and personalities of the twentieth century from articles and photographs. Since our history is very ancient, we are always eager to know what people were eating and wearing in, how they lived and in what types of houses and the activities that were a part of their daily life. Let us gather correct information from reliable sources. Think Based on the information collected, give a brief account of any one personality. Give a brief summary of the period’s architecture or an event from your scrap book collection. Narrate an incident or give information about an honorable person of your village or city.
1. Tadpatras and Bhojpatras
We can know about the past through various sources. The Tadpatra and Bhojapatra
manuscripts written mostly in the Pandu script are some of them. Bhojapatras are made from the skin of a tree named ‘Bhauj’. Although most of the Pandu manuscripts have been destroyed by insects, some are still preserved in temples, viharas, libraries and government museums. Using these sources, we get a lot of information about kings, administration and public life in ancient times.
In ancient times main incidents like achievements of kings, writing of orders and treaties with other states, were carved on stones or metal plates. These metal plates and stone writings, known as inscriptions, exist even today and are preserved in archives such as the National Archives of Delhi.
During excavations, utensils, stone tools and ancient ornaments are found which help us to know the history of ancient times. Based on picture 1.4 gather information on similar objects found from an excavation site near your residence. Just as archaeologists do, we too can know the history of ancient times from old coins, stone inscriptions, paintings and metal plates.
SOURCES OF HISTORY :HISTORY TOPIC
4/ 5Oleh ALL PARIPATRA