Aug 23, 2019

Natural Resources :Development of resources

Natural Resources :Development of resources

        Man has been observing the elements around him since ancient times. He used to think as to how far these elements were safe for him and for his well being. In Stone age, man used stone as per his requirement. The seeds of the fruits again regulate into sprouted form and give fruit. It took years for the man to understand this. This led to the beginning of agriculture. Thus the man started using various material around him for his well being. Thus the resources developed gradually. With the development of transportation man started using resources of different regions comfortably. With the development in the scientific inventions and technology, the material on the surface of the earth is now used in different fields.

  • (1)  According to ownership :

There can be individual or family owned  resources, national resources and global resources, e.g. ownership of a farm by farmer, national ownership on mining centres and global ownership on oceanic  water bodies -  Antarctica etc.

  • (2) According to renewability : 

The resource which is used once but can be regained in short times is called 'renewable' resource, e.g. natural manure, forests where trees can be grown through tree plantation etc. ? Non-renewable resources are those which once used cannot be recreated in near future, such as mineral coal, mineral oil, natural gas etc. ? Solar energy, oceans and environment are permanent natural resources. These resources never exhaust in spite of its repeated use. ? Some rare resources are those which are available at few places only, such as coal, mineral oil, copper, tin, gold, uranium, thorium etc. The resource which is available only at one or two places in the world is known as unique resource. Crayolite is available only in Greenland.

  • (3) According to distribution :

In the atmosphere gases like nitrogen, oxygen etc. are always available, hence these are permanent resources. land, water, pastureland are easily available resources.

Those resources which are likely to be used in near future are called probable resources, e.g. there is a great possibility for generation of hydroelectricity in the mountainous regions of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh in North India.

The matter of which the use is not known can be called as unknown resources. The inhabitants of the delta region of river Amazon  knew about the rubber tree but did not know its use. So rubber can be said to be an unknown resource for them at that time. Today, the same rubber is used to manufacture the tyres for the means of transportation.

  • (4) According to use :

Unused resources : Till the European people were not spread up to North and South American continents, the resources on these continents were 'unused resources'. Even today, in the absence of capital investment, technology and skill, some countries do have natural resources but they have not been able to utilise them.

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